Officiellt språk

Ett officiellt språk är ett språk som specifikt anges vara ett sådant i länders, delstaters eller i andra områdens konstitutioner eller lagar. De officiella språken används i landets offentliga administration och är de språk som lagar, domar och myndighetsbeslut avfattas på.

I Finlands grundlag och språklag används begreppet ”nationalspråk” av samma betydelse.

I Sverige används begreppet ”officiellt språk” om svenska språket endast ”i internationella sammanhang”.[1] Svenska språket betecknas i andra sammanhang som ”huvudspråk”.

Officiella minoritetsspråk

I många länder har man fastställt officiella minoritetsspråk. Dessa är inte officiella språk i landet; begreppen skall inte sammanblandas.

I Sverige finns det fem minoritetsspråk som betecknas som ”nationella minoritetsspråk” med vissa särskilda rättigheter för talare av dessa: finska, meänkieli (tornedalsfinska), samiska (sáme-giella), jiddisch och romani chib. Se vidare Språk i Sverige.

Officiella språk i olika länder

Officiella språk i internationella organisationer

Se även


Externa länkar

Media som används på denna webbplats

Flag of Belgium (civil).svg
The civil ensign and flag of Belgium. It is identical to Image:Flag of Belgium.svg except that it has a 2:3 ratio, instead of 13:15.
Flag of Israel.svg
Flag of Israel. Shows a Magen David (“Shield of David”) between two stripes. The Shield of David is a traditional Jewish symbol. The stripes symbolize a Jewish prayer shawl (tallit).
Flag of Croatia.svg
Det är enkelt att lägga till en ram runt den här bilden
Flag of Norway (ef2b2d for red & 002868 for blue).svg
Författare/Upphovsman: Gutten på Hemsen, Licens: CC0
Flag of Norway with colors from the previous version on Commons. This file is used to discuss the colors of the Norwegian flag.
Flag of Portugal.svg
Flag of Portugal, created by Columbano Bordalo Pinheiro (1857–1929), officially adopted by Portuguese government in June 30th 1911 (in use since about November 1910). Color shades matching the RGB values officially reccomended here. (PMS values should be used for direct ink or textile; CMYK for 4-color offset printing on paper; this is an image for screen display, RGB should be used.)
Flag of the Basque Country.svg
(c) Daniele Schirmo aka Frankie688, CC BY-SA 2.5
Flag of the autonomous region of the Basque Country
A white cross over a green saltire on a red field.
Flag of Catalonia.svg
The senyera, a flag of Catalonia, and also used by several lands and municipalities of the ancient Crown of Aragon
Bandera de Navarra.svg
Flag of Navarre (Spain) Article 7.2. of the LORAFNA stipulates: “The flag of Navarre is red, with the coat of arms in the centre. Source: Symbols of Navarre - Gobierno de Navarra
Flag of the Valencian Community (2x3).svg
Flag of the Valencian Community, 3:2 ratio
Flag of South Africa.svg

Sydafrikas flagga

Färg som används: National flag | South African Government and Pantone Color Picker

     grön rendered as RGB 000 119 073Pantone 3415 C
     gul rendered as RGB 255 184 028Pantone 1235 C
     röd rendered as RGB 224 060 049Pantone 179 C
     blå rendered as RGB 000 020 137Pantone Reflex Blue C
     vit rendered as RGB 255 255 255
     svart rendered as RGB 000 000 000
Flag of Europe.svg
The Flag of Europe is the flag and emblem of the European Union (EU) and Council of Europe (CoE). It consists of a circle of 12 golden (yellow) stars on a blue background. It was created in 1955 by the CoE and adopted by the EU, then the European Communities, in the 1980s.

The CoE and EU are distinct in membership and nature. The CoE is a 47-member international organisation dealing with human rights and rule of law, while the EU is a quasi-federal union of 27 states focused on economic integration and political cooperation. Today, the flag is mostly associated with the latter.

It was the intention of the CoE that the flag should come to represent Europe as a whole, and since its adoption the membership of the CoE covers nearly the entire continent. This is why the EU adopted the same flag. The flag has been used to represent Europe in sporting events and as a pro-democracy banner outside the Union.
Flag of Republika Srpska.svg
Flag of the Serb Republic (not to be confused with the Republic of Serbia).
Flag of the Greek Orthodox Church.svg
Flag used by the Greek Orthodox Church, in use since ca. the 1980s. Also it is the flag of Mount Athos[1] Literature: The Flag Bulletin 27. Flag Research Center. 1988. p. 105.
Ns zastava.jpg
Flag of Novi Sad, Serbia/Drapeau de la ville de Novi Sad, Serbie
Flag of Aruba.svg
The flag of Aruba
Flag of the Vatican City (2001–2023).svg
Författare/Upphovsman: OkändUnknown author, Licens: CC0
Flag of the Vatican City, as described in the 2000 w:en:Fundamental Law of Vatican City State (which took effect in Feb. 2001), Article 20, Attachment A. See here and here.
Flag of the Pitcairn Islands.svg
The flag of the Pitcairn Islands, arms courtesy an e-mail from the author of xrmap and the Blue Ensign from Image:Government Ensign of the United Kingdom.svg
Flag of the Northwest Territories.svg
Flag of the Northwest Territories.
Flag of Nunavut.svg
Flag of Nunavut
Flag of Quebec.svg
Flag of Quebec.
Flag of the Isle of Mann.svg
Författare/Upphovsman: Fry1989 eh?, Licens: CC0
Flag of the Isle of Mann. This version has the triskelion centered as a whole rather than based upon the imaginary circle created by the prongs of each leg.
Flag of Chechen Republic since 2004.svg
Flag of the Chechen Republic
Sami flag.svg
Samernas flagga